in Auroville aims at promoting research, experimentation, creativity
and harmony, as well as a functionally integrated development.
This spirit, along with a commitment to address socio-economic
and environmental concerns, underlie much of what is being attempted
in the field of design and architecture in Auroville. Its goal
is to be in harmony with nature and spirit; and to follow a
sustainable model taking into account the prevalent climatic
and sociological conditions of the region.
last decade has seen considerable advances in ferro-cement technology
as well as earth construction. In both areas Auroville has won
national and international awards and significant grants-in-aid
from agencies that support these innovations.
addition, Auroville is also intensively involved in technology
transfer through workshops, student exchange and intern programmes,
presentations and seminars. Through these activities it reaches
out to a multitude of people and municipalities, from remote
rural areas in India to developed cities worldwide.
Since its inception, the possibility of creating a city within
this "ideal-seeking" environment has attracted hundreds
of architects, planners, students and researchers. The pioneering
years saw the construction of simple, self-built huts, capsules,
the beginning of the Matrimandir, some school buildings, the
Pavilion of India - Bharat Nivas complex, and the first experiments
in community living in Aspiration and Auromodele.
this most trying period of the 60's and 70's, when financial
and human resources were at a minimum, the limited availability
of construction materials provoked a creative revolution in
the self-builders. Structures were taken to high forms of self-expression
and imagination, some of which still remain as an amazing architectural
exposition of forms that break the mould of the conventional
principle of "four walls and a roof" habitation.
A wide range of dwellings from single to collective housing,
and the construction of a number of educational, institutional
and public buildings form the bulk of Auroville's development
in the past two decades.
experiments cover various aspects of architecture, which include
appropriate building materials and technologies, eco-friendly
climate responsive designs, integration with natural surroundings,
cost-effective buildings, geomancy and geometry, and the design
of space itself. Lifestyle and its impacts on design and management
of building infrastructure, integrated rainwater harvesting
systems, domestic wastewater treatment plants, and integration
of renewable energy systems are presently all rich fields of
research and experimentation.